Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Recycling Composite Materials

Recycling Composite Materials Composite materials, known for their durability, high strength, excellent quality, low maintenance, and low weight, are widely being used in automotive, construction, transport, aerospace and renewable energy industries. Their use in  numerous  engineering applications is a result of the edge composites provides over traditional materials. Recycling and disposal of composite materials is an issue that is being increasingly addressed, as it should with any widely used material. Previously, there were very limited commercial recycling operations for mainstream composite materials due to technological and economic constraints but RD activities are on the rise. Recycling Fiberglass Fiberglass is a versatile material that provides  tangible  potential over conventional materials such as wood, aluminum, and steel. Fiberglass is produced by using less energy and is used in products which result in fewer carbon emissions. Fiberglass offers advantages of being light weight yet has high mechanical strength, impact resistant, is chemical, fire and corrosion resistant, and a good thermal and electrical insulator. Even though fiberglass is extremely useful for the reasons previously listed, an end of life solution is needed. Current FRP composites with thermoset resins do not biodegrade. For many applications where fiberglass is used, this is a good thing. However, in landfills, this is not.   Research has lead to methods such as grinding, incineration, and pyrolysis being used for recycling fiberglass. The recycled fiberglass finds its way in various industries and can be used in various end products. For instance, recycled fibers have been effective in reducing shrinkage in concrete thereby increasing its durability. This concrete can be used best in freezing temperate zones for concrete floors, pavements, sidewalks, and curbs. Other uses for recycled fiberglass include being used as a filler in resin, which can increase  mechanical  properties in certain applications. Recycled fiberglass has also found its use together with other products such as recycled tire products, plastic wood products, asphalt, roofing tar and cast polymer  countertops. Recycling Carbon Fiber Carbon fiber composite materials are ten times stronger than steel and eight times that of aluminum, along with being much lighter than both materials. Carbon fiber composites have found their way into the manufacturing of aircraft and spacecraft parts, automobile springs, golf club shafts, racing car bodies, fishing rods, and more. With the current annual worldwide carbon fiber consumption being at 30,000 tons, most waste goes to the landfill. Research has been conducted to extract the high-value carbon fiber from end-of-life components and from manufacturing scrap, with the goal to use them for creating other carbon fiber composites. Recycled carbon fibers are used in bulk molding compounds for smaller, nonload-bearing components, as a sheet-molding compound and as recycled materials in load-bearing shell structures. The recycled carbon fiber is also finding uses in phone cases, laptop shells and even water bottle cages for bicycles. Future of Recycling Composite Materials Composite materials are preferred for many engineering applications because of its durability and superior strength. Proper waste disposal and recycling at the end of the useful life of composite materials is necessary.  Many current and future waste management and environmental legislation will mandate engineering materials to be properly recovered and recycled, from products such as automobiles, wind turbines, and aircraft that have lived their useful life. Although many technologies have been developed such as mechanical recycling, thermal recycling, and chemical recycling; they are on the brink of being fully commercialized. Extensive research and development are being done to develop better recyclable composites and recycling technologies for composite materials. This will contribute to the sustainable development of composites industry.

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Abstract Health Care

MIS 6324 Business Intelligence Dr. Syam Menon Term Project SUBMITTED BY : Group 6 Swetha, Priya, Ram, Vishal, Madan Business Intelligence in Health Care Management The  health  care system is more complex than most people know. Its business model is different from most  businesses  in that its consumers dont usually come willingly. That, plus not getting paid what they bill, hurts cash flow makes health care a shaky business. With uncertain revenue, costs not entirely within their control, and regulatory issues, health care management problems arent always easy to fix. Forward-thinking healthcare organizations realize that data and, thus, business intelligence (BI) is at the center of informed and precise decision-making that will improve patient and service outcomes in addition to ensuring their organizations’ future. This paper gives an insight into which business intelligence tools are currently being used in healthcare and their effectiveness in terms of sustaining the businesses of those organizations that use these tools. The paper also deals with common problems faced while implementing these techniques to patients’ data and ways to overcome problems. Outdated information management strategies and invalid statistics cause serious problems in investigating health outcomes and negotiating reimbursements. Predictive modeling, however, goes beyond standard regression techniques, expanding advanced analytical options for better, faster decision making. Predictive models use a variety of tools to deliver more accurate, long-range views of treatments and costs. Also there are many new reporting technologies designed to improve the productivity of business analysts and preserve information consistency throughout an organization. These analytical tools, the advantages vs. problems during implementation and their ability to shape the future of healthcare industry are focus of this paper.

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Is One Child Policy in China Effective Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Is One Child Policy in China Effective - Essay Example The implementation of the one-child policy saw the light of day early 1980s. This legislation came in to curb the unprecedented population increase that took place a couple of decades before 1980s. Formulation and drafting of the policy had started late 1970s, but the actual implementation took place in 1980 and subsequent years. Even though population increase was getting out of control, it was difficult to get the policy operational. Since the 1980s, one-child policy implementation has been dynamic due to the adoption of some specific changes from time to time.In light of the provisions made in the policy, there are a number of purposes served by the one-child requirement. The ultimate goal of the policy is to control and manage Chinese population. The operational aspects of the policy were designed to reduce births in the country. With reduced births within and across the country, population growth rate would significantly reduce. In other words, the essence of the policy is to re duce fertility levels, discourage couples from having many children, and ultimately reduce the general population in China (Wan, 2012).To achieve the above-mentioned objectives, the policy promotes family planning through use of contraceptives. Government-funded agencies conduct massive awareness and creation and public education on matters of population, social welfare, and economic development. In essence, the purpose of the policy is to enhance the interconnection between the three variables.

Saturday, February 1, 2020

The effects of video games on children Research Paper

The effects of video games on children - Research Paper Example It will also expound on how video games have contributed to impairment of children’s morals. According to Positive and Negative Effects of Video Games (1) and Children and Video Games: Playing with Violence (1), video games enhance children to develop hand-eye coordination. This is because of the involvement of both hands and eyes in playing these games. For instance, when children play football matches on their computers, they ensure their fingers are on the right keys whereas their eyes are glued on the screen. Video games also enable children to become creative and quick in thinking. In most occasions, children playing games are obliged to make rapid steps required in order to win the game. It is also evident that video games are associated with an increase in attentiveness of young children. This is evidenced by the much attention paid to the games by the participants. Additionally, video games make children become cautious in whatever activities they do life(Balter 667). For instance, they make children not to take anything for granting. They also make children have the habit of utilizing any presented chance effectively. It is also apparent that occasional interaction with video games makes children develop crucial skills in life. For instance, video games have been found to not only contribute to the development of math and reading skills in children, but also enable them recognize some patterns that need to be addressed (Children and Video Games: Playing with Violence 1). This is evidenced by the calculations associated with the video games. Thus, it is convincible that video games make children become good in algebra. It is also evident that most children that take part in playing video games learn about some things in life faster than those who do not take part in playing any game. Thus, it is apparent that video games aid in the development of

Friday, January 24, 2020

Hore-Belisha :: essays research papers

As you look back and learn about the times surrounding World War II, you don’t come across the name Hore-Belisha, well at least I have not. Who was this man? What was his role, if he had one at all? My article digs into the presence of Hore-Belisha. I will hopefully be able to give you a good understanding of who this man was and what he did.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  His name was Isaac Leslie Hore-Belisha (1893-1957). Isaac was the son of a Sephardic Jew and became a major in the Royal Army Service Crops during World War I. As a college student, he was educated at Clifton and St. John’s College. He also became first post war president of the Union. Hore-Belisha, furthermore, worked as a journalist for Beaverbrook until winning Devonport for the Liberals in 1923. Isaac then went on to dividing the Liberal Party by organizing a new National Liberal Party to support The Ramsay Macdonald-Baldwin National Government. Hore-Belisha soon became a big name in the government as he became Financial Secretary to the Treasury. That position impressed Chamberlain, which would prove good later. Isaac then became Minister of Transport (1934-1937), in which he reduced road accidents by simply introducing a driving test, a Highway code, and pedestrian crossing.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Isaac was a great governmental figure. Looking back at all his accomplishment, Hore-Belisha has done a lot for his English country. Therefore in May of 1937, Chamberlain chose Isaac for War Office. Chamberlain choice was quite unusual because of the fact that Hore-Belisha was Jewish, but Chamberlain had good reason. Chamberlain looked for a man to be Secretary of State that would stick to Chamberlain’s policy of limited liability. This policy would cause England to have no involvement in Europe. England wanted to stay a neutral country and this was its plan. In addition to staying a neutral country, limited liability would also reduce the cost of the Army to benefit the Navy, the RAF, and the taxpayer. So Chamberlain promoted Duff Cooper, present war minister, to the Admiralty and replaced he with Hore-Belisha. Now being young Jewish man in the cabinet, Hore-Belisha depended on Chamberlain’s support.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Trying to prove he was more then Chamberlain’s little toy monkey, Isaac started to make some improvement in the military. Isaac improved recruitment by inaugurating reforms known as the radicalization of the Army. He then went on to make army life more attractive.

Thursday, January 16, 2020

Bonnie and Clyde

Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were the most famous gangster couple in history, made more so by the 1967 Oscar-winning film Bonnie and Clyde, starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway. From 1932 to 1934, during the height of the Great Depression, their gang evolved from petty theives to nationally-known bank robbers and murderers. Though a burgeoning yellow press romanticized their exploits, the gang was believed responsible for at least 13 murders, including two policemen, as well as several robberies and kidnappings. The spree ended when they were betrayed by a friend and shot dead at a police roadblock in Louisiana on May 23, 1934.FEATURED PEOPLE Bonnie Parker As half of the notorious Bonnie and Clyde, Bonnie Parker became one of America's most famous outlaws, robbing banks and small businesses. Clyde Barrow Outlaw Clyde Barrow and his partner Bonnie robbed banks and store owners during the Depression and were believed to be responsible for at least 13 murders. Historical Importance of Bonnie and Clyde: It was during the Great Depression that Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow went on their two-year crime spree (1932-1934). The general attitude in the country was against government and Bonnie and Clyde used that to their advantage.With an image closer to Robin Hood rather than mass murderers, Bonnie and Clyde captured the imagination of the nation. Bonnie Parker (October 1, 1910 — May 23, 1934); Clyde Barrow (March 24, 1909 — May 23, 1934) Also Known As: Bonnie Elizabeth Parker, Clyde Chestnut Barrow, The Barrow Gang In some ways it was easy to romanticize Bonnie and Clyde. They were a young couple in love who were out on the open road, running from the â€Å"big, bad law† who were â€Å"out to get them. † Clyde's impressive driving skill got the gang out of many close calls, while Bonnie's poetry won the hearts of many.Although Bonnie and Clyde had killed people, they were equally known for kidnapping policemen who had caught up to the m and then driving them around for hours only to release them, unharmed, hundreds of miles away. The two seemed like they were on an adventure, having fun while easily side-stepping the law. As with any image, the truth behind Bonnie and Clyde was far from their portrayal in the newspapers. Bonnie and Clyde were responsible for 13 murders, some of whom were innocent people, killed during one of Clyde's many bungled robberies.Bonnie and Clyde lived out of their car, stealing new cars as often as possible, and lived off the money they stole from small grocery stores and gas stations. Sometimes Bonnie and Clyde would rob a bank, but they never managed to walk away with very much money. Bonnie and Clyde were desperate criminals, constantly fearing what they were sure was to come — dying in a hail of bullets from a police ambush. Background of Bonnie Bonnie Parker was born on October 1, 1910 in Rowena, Texas as the second of three children to Henry and Emma Parker.The family lived somewhat comfortably off Henry Parker's job as a bricklayer, but when he died unexpectedly in 1914, Emma Parker moved the family in with her mother in the small town of Cement City, Texas (now part of Dallas). From all accounts, Bonnie Parker was beautiful. She stood 4†² 11†³ and weighed a mere 90 pounds. She did well in school and loved to write poetry. (Two poems that she wrote while on the run helped make her famous. ) Bored with her average life, Bonnie dropped out of school at age 16 and married Roy Thornton.The marriage wasn't a happy one and Roy began to spend a lot of time away from home by 1927. Two years later, Roy was caught for robbery and sentenced to five years in prison. They never divorced. While Roy was away, Bonnie worked as a waitress; however, she was out of a job just as the Great Depression was really getting started at the end of 1929. Background of Clyde Clyde Barrow was born on March 24, 1909 in Telico, Texas as the sixth of eight children to Henr y and Cummie Barrow. Clyde's parents were tenant farmers, often not making enough money to feed their children.During the rough times, Clyde was frequently sent to live with other relatives. When Clyde was 12-years old, his parents gave up tenant farming and moved to West Dallas where Henry opened up a gas station. At that time, West Dallas was a very rough neighborhood and Clyde fit right in. Clyde and his older brother, Marvin Ivan â€Å"Buck† Barrow, were often in trouble with the law for they were frequently stealing things like turkeys and cars. Clyde stood 5†² 7†³ and weighed about 130 pounds. He had two serious girlfriends (Anne and Gladys) before he met Bonnie, but he never married.Bonnie and Clyde Meet In January 1930, Bonnie and Clyde met at a mutual friend's house. The attraction was instantaneous. A few weeks after they met, Clyde was sentenced to two years in prison for past crimes. Bonnie was devastated at his arrest. On March 11, 1930, Clyde escaped f rom jail, using the gun Bonnie had smuggled in to him. A week later he was recaptured and was then to serve a 14-year sentence in the notoriously brutal Eastham Prison Farm near Weldon, Texas. On April 21, 1930, Clyde arrived at Eastham. Life was unbearable there for him and he became desperate to get out.Hoping that if he was physically incapacitated he might get transferred off of the Eastham farm, he asked a fellow prisoner to chop off some of his toes with an axe. Although the missing two toes did not get him transferred, Clyde was granted an early parole. After Clyde was released from Eastham on February 2, 1932 on crutches, he vowed that he would rather die than ever go back to that horrible place. Bonnie Becomes a Criminal Too The easiest way to stay out of Eastham would have been to live a life on the â€Å"straight and narrow† (i. e. without crime).However, Clyde was released from prison during the Great Depression, when jobs were not easy to come by. Plus, Clyde had little experience holding down a real job. Not surprisingly, as soon as Clyde's foot had healed, he was once again robbing and stealing. On one of Clyde's first robberies after he was released, Bonnie went with him. The plan was for the Barrow Gang to rob a hardware store. (The members of the Barrow Gang changed often, but at different times included Bonnie and Clyde, Ray Hamilton, W. D. Jones, Buck Barrow, Blanche Barrow, and Henry Methvin. Although she stayed in the car during the robbery, Bonnie was captured and put in the Kaufman, Texas jail. She was later released for lack of evidence. While Bonnie was in jail, Clyde and Raymond Hamilton staged another robbery at the end of April 1932. It was supposed to be an easy and quick robbery of a general store, but something went wrong and the store's owner, John Bucher, was shot and killed. Bonnie now had a decision to make — would she stay with Clyde and live a life with him on the run or would she leave him and start fresh? B onnie knew that Clyde had vowed never to go back to prison.She knew that to stay with Clyde meant death to them both very soon. Yet, even with this knowledge, Bonnie decided that she could not leave Clyde and was to remain loyal to him to the end. On the Lam For the next two years, Bonne and Clyde drove and robbed across five states: Texas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Louisiana, and New Mexico. They usually stayed close to the border to aid their getaway, using the fact that police at that time could not cross state borders to follow a criminal. To help them avoid capture, Clyde would change cars frequently (by stealing a new one) and changed license plates even more frequently.Clyde also studied maps and had an uncanny knowledge of every back road. This aided them numerous times when escaping from a close encounter with the law. What the law did not realize (until W. D. Jones, a member of the Barrow Gang, told them once he was captured) was that Bonnie and Clyde made frequent trips back to Dallas, Texas to see their families. Bonnie had a very close relationship with her mother, whom she insisted on seeing every couple of months, no matter how much danger that put them in. Clyde also would visit frequently with his mother and with his favorite sister, Nell.Visits with family nearly got them killed on several occasions (the police had set up ambushes). The Apartment With Buck and Blanche Bonnie and Clyde had almost been on the run for a year when Clyde's brother Buck was released from Huntsville prison in March 1933. Although Bonnie and Clyde were being hunted by numerous law enforcement agencies (for they had by then committed several murders, robbed a number of banks, stolen numerous cars, and held up dozens of small grocery stores and gas stations), they decided to rent an apartment in Joplin, Missouri to have a reunion with Buck and Buck's wife, Blanche.After two weeks of chatting, cooking, and playing cards, Clyde noticed two police cars pull up on April 13, 1933 and a shootout broke out. Blanche, terrified and losing her wits, ran out the front door while screaming. Having killed one policeman and mortally wounding another, Bonnie, Clyde, Buck, and W. D. Jones made it to the garage, got into their car, and sped away. They picked up Blanche around the corner (she had still been running). Although the police did not capture Bonnie and Clyde that day, they found a treasure trove of information left in the apartment.Most notably, they found rolls of undeveloped film, which, once developed, revealed the now-famous images of Bonnie and Clyde in various poses, holding guns. Also in the apartment was Bonnie's first poem, â€Å"The Story of Suicide Sal. † The pictures, the poem, and their getaway, all made Bonnie and Clyde more famous. Car Fire Bonnie and Clyde continued driving, frequently changing cars, and trying to stay ahead of the law who were getting closer and closer to capturing them. Suddenly, in June 1933 near Wellington, Texas, t hey had an accident.As they were driving through Texas toward Oklahoma, Clyde realized too late that the bridge he was speeding toward had been closed for repairs. He swerved and the car went down an embankment. Clyde and W. D. Jones made it safely out of the car, but Bonnie remained trapped when the car caught on fire. Clyde and W. D. could not free Bonnie by themselves; she escaped only with the aid of two local farmers who had stopped to help. Bonnie had been badly burned in the accident and she had a severe injury to one leg. Being on the run meant no medical care.Bonnie's injuries were serious enough that her life was in danger. Clyde did the best he could to nurse Bonnie; he also enlisted the aid of Blanche and Billie (Bonnie's sister) as well. Bonnie did pull through, but her injuries added to the difficulty of being on the run. Red Crown Tavern and Dexfield Park Ambushes About a month after the accident, Bonnie and Clyde (plus Buck, Blanche, and W. D. Jones) checked into two cabins at the Red Crown Tavern near Platte City, Missouri. On the night of July 19, 1933, police, having been tipped off by local citizens, surrounded the cabins.This time, the police were better armed and better prepared than during the fight at the apartment in Joplin. At 11 p. m. , a policeman banged on one of the cabin doors. Blanche replied, â€Å"Just a minute. Let me get dressed. † That gave Clyde enough time to pick up his Browning Automatic Rifle and start shooting. When the police shot back, it was a massive fusillade. While the others took cover, Buck kept shooting until he was shot in the head. Clyde then gathered everyone up, including Buck, and made a charge for the garage.Once in the car, Clyde and his gang made their escape, with Clyde driving and W. D. Jones firing a machine gun. As the Barrow Gang roared off into the night, the police kept shooting and managed to shoot out two of the car's tires and shattered one of the car's windows. The shattered glass se verely damaged one of Blanche's eyes. Clyde drove through the night and all the next day, only stopping to change bandages and to change tires. When they reached Dexter, Iowa, Clyde and everyone else in the car needed to rest. They stopped at the Dexfield Park recreation area.Unbeknownst to Bonnie and Clyde and the gang, the police had been alerted to their presence at the campsite by a local farmer who had found bloodied bandages. The local police gathered over a hundred police, National Guardsmen, vigilantes, and local farmers and surrounded the Barrow Gang. On the morning of July 24, 1933, Bonnie noticed the policemen closing in and screamed. This alerted Clyde and W. D. Jones to pick up their guns and start shooting. So completely outnumbered, it is amazing that any of the Barrow Gang survived the onslaught. Buck, unable to move far, kept shooting.Buck was hit several times while Blanche stayed by his side. Clyde hopped into one of their two cars but he was then shot in the arm and crashed the car into a tree. Bonnie, Clyde, and W. D. Jones ended up running and then swimming across a river. As soon as he could, Clyde stole another car from a farm and drove them away. Buck died from his wounds a few days after the shootout. Blanche was captured while still at Buck's side. Clyde had been shot four times and Bonnie had been hit by numerous buckshot pellets. W. D. Jones had also received a head wound. After the shootout, W. D. Jones took off from the group, never to return.Final Days Bonnie and Clyde took several months to recuperate, but by November 1933, they were back out robbing and stealing. They now had to be extra careful for they realized that local citizens might now recognize them and turn them in, as they had done at the Red Crown Tavern and Dexfield Park. To avoid public scrutiny, they lived in their car, driving during the day and sleeping in it at night. Also in November 1933, W. D. Jones was captured and began telling his story to the police. Du ring their interrogations with Jones, the police learned of the close ties that Bonnie and Clyde had with their family.This gave the police a lead. By watching Bonnie and Clyde's families, the police were able to establish an ambush when Bonnie and Clyde tried to contact them. When the ambush on November 22, 1933 endangered the lives of Bonnie's mother, Emma Parker, and Clyde's mother, Cummie Barrow, Clyde became furious. He wanted to retaliate against the lawmen who had put their families in danger, but his family convinced him this would not be a good idea. Rather than get revenge on the lawmen near Dallas who had threatened the lives of his family, Clyde took revenge on the Eastham Prison Farm.In January 1934, Bonnie and Clyde helped Clyde's old friend, Raymond Hamilton, break out of Eastham. During the escape, a guard was killed and several extra prisoners hopped into the car with Bonnie and Clyde. One of these prisoners was Henry Methvin. After the other convicts eventually wen t their own way, including Raymond Hamilton (who eventually left after a dispute with Clyde), Methvin stayed on with Bonnie and Clyde. The crime spree continued, including the brutal murder of two motorcycle cops, but the end was near. Methvin and his family were to play a role in Bonnie and Clyde's demise. The Final ShootoutThe police used their knowledge of Bonnie and Clyde to plan their next move. Realizing how tied to family Bonnie and Clyde had become, the police guessed that Bonnie, Clyde, and Henry were on their way to visit Iverson Methvin, Henry Methvin's father, in May 1934. When police learned that Henry Methvin had accidentally become separated from Bonnie and Clyde on the evening of May 19, 1934, they realized this was their chance to set up an ambush. Since it was assumed that Bonnie and Clyde would search for Henry at his father's farm, the police planned an ambush along the road Bonnie and Clyde were expected to travel.While waiting along Highway 154 between Sailes a nd Gibsland, Louisiana, the six lawmen who planned to ambush Bonnie and Clyde confiscated Iverson Methvin's old truck, put it on a car jack, and removed one of its tires. The truck was then strategically placed along the road with the expectation that if Clyde saw Iverson's car pulled to the side, he would then slow down and investigate. Sure enough, that is exactly what happened. At approximately 9:15 a. m. on May 23, 1934, Clyde was driving a tan Ford V-8 down the road when he spotted Iverson's truck. When he slowed down, the six police officers opened fire.With no advanced warning, Bonnie and Clyde had little time to react. Both Clyde and Bonnie died quickly from over 130 bullets that were fired at the couple. When the shooting ended, the policemen found that the back of Clyde's head had exploded and part of Bonnie's right hand had been shot off. Both Bonnie and Clyde's bodies were taken back to Dallas where they were put on public view. Large crowds gathered to get a glimpse of the famous pair. Although Bonnie had requested that she be buried with Clyde, they were buried separately in two different cemeteries according to their families' wishes. Bonnie and Clyde Have you ever heard of a couple traveling the country in stolen cars doing nothing more than robbing banks and murdering those that stand in their love triangle of crime and each other? If you have It's only because back during our country's darkest economic time, the Depression, Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker joined forces and refused to be stuck broke in a country without jobs to pick the easy, immoral way of survival, crime. I suppose crime is one way to leave an Impression, especially on paper locked away in the files of the Bi's â€Å"Most Wanted† cabinets.As if locking it way would suppress the curiosity of a nation and the legend it would become†¦ But you can't keep this tale locked up. With every lasting story there's always a beginning that starts out with a Bang! Literally, in Bonnie and Cycle's case their criminal romance starts out with a Bang! But who were Bonnie and Clyde before their names smoothly ran together and before they became an intriguing pair? Wha t would their lives be like if they never met? Well, no one really knows that one. But we do know who they were before they met.The majority of the Information we have on Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker Is from the FBI. Once they were under investigation by the FBI their humble beginnings would never be private again. The investigators filled in the blanks of who this reckless pair was before they were a pair. It all started In Texas In the early sass†¦. (ladies first) Bonnie Parker was born in Rowena, Texas on October 1, 1910. A few years later her father passed away and the family now including her mother, her two siblings and herself. Moved In with grandparents In too town near Dallas.There Bonnie went to school and did quite well. Now you know who the brains of the outfit was. In 1926, Bonnie was hitched to Roy Thornton. Ell deeply In love, and got a tattoo, only to get run out on less than a year later. Soon after, Roy Thornton was arrested for murder and sentenced for life . (Bad karma) That'll show you never to mess with Bonnie. Unlike their marriage. At least her tattoo and his prison sentence would last a lifetime. Fending for herself in the wild at only eighteen, Bonnie took a menial Job as a waitress awaiting the thrill of her life.In other words, the second man of her dreams, Clyde. Clyde Barrow was born in Tillie, Texas on March 24, 1909 and throughout his life was known for four different fake names. Unlike his future companion, he dropped UT of school after 5th grade. Now you know who the brawn of the duo was. Later moving to West Dallas he began his crime life selling stolen turkeys. From turkeys to safeguarding to auto theft, Clyde was Just warming up for Bonnie. Jail and its consequences never really sunk in despite his multiple times being arrested.But with his deceiving tales, he always managed to weasel himself out of it. Once, Clyde was arrested with two other of his accomplices. He told the sheriff that he was hitchhiking and had no i dea of whom or what the men that picked him were doing. They let him go. Who said criminals were loyal? After being in jail so many times wouldn't you do anything to not go back? Though he escaped yet another time, little law would catch up. In January of 1930, Bonnie and Clyde met and despite knowing Cycle's lawless past, Bonnie fell for the devil and soon after aided him out of Jail only to be later recaptured.During this time they wrote letters. Then Clyde became so desperate his mommy had to help him out. Though their crime life began on a rocky start, him being in Jail for a lot of it and them living modestly, the media immediately agglomerated their criminal lifestyle and built them up as untouchable immortals. During the Depression the news and mindsets of many Americans became a rallying cry for Bonnie and Clyde. They became their biggest fans and in turn Bonnie and Clyde became the biggest sensation to hit the poverty stricken hometowns of America.The little guys were rooti ng for the little guys who through the face of the country and the media weren't so little anymore. With Bonnie and Clyde back together they recruited some people. Now known as the Barrow Gang including Ray Hamilton, Cycle's brother Buck and his wife. I suppose one could say it was a family operation. Bonnie and Cycle's' families would later hide hem when there was nowhere else to go. From Louisiana to Missouri to their home state of Texas, the Barrow gang robbed banks, local groceries and as they traveled through the states they never traveled in a car of their own.But for the law that fought back, they were shot and usually killed. Apparently, Bonnie was said to have never killed anyone that and never smoked a cigar. The media wanted to find a balance between portraying Bonnie as tough merciless criminal and an angelic woman. ‘Cause we all know criminals are angels, right? Finally in 1933 the FBI Joined the wild goose chase after investigating them almost from the beginning. Now that they could charge Bonnie and Clyde for interstate crimes, they had Jurisdiction which answers the question why hadn't they Joined the hunt before.Now that the FBI was after them as well, the already thin rope was disappearing. As the sun came up on May 23, 1934, an automobile sped down a Louisiana dirt road. This car contained multiple guns (all shapes and sizes) and tons of ammunition (the gangs personal arsenal) and their new owners, Bonnie and Clyde. This was literally the end of the road as the car headed right into the lap of the law. Down the road, an ambush of policeman awaited them. One of the cops walked in the center of the road, the car slowed to a stop and Just as the beginning began, it all ended with a Bang!There was 167 shots fired into the car and the infamous crime duo died on the spot. Only in their early twenties, the duo insignificant in size Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow would breathe their last that day, unable to run anymore. In the years to come, t he death car was put on display at local fairs and is now in some casino in Vegas. Most tales die off but this flame year after year seemed to gain fuel and curiosity. (Almost as if it was made for the big screen. ) The legacy of Bonnie and Clyde lives on despite their last breathes being over three- quarters of a century ago.Not only do we remember them as at one point in time as the Most Wanted and one of the most dynamic crime fighting duo of all time, they are the inspiration for entertainment. When I first saw the original when I was â€Å"wee little† I had no idea they were real people it seemed entirely fantastic to me and that's what inspired Hollywood. I would hope they are not an inspiration for anything crimes. But instead engross our imaginations and enlighten our minds to our history in one of our country's darkest hours. Works Cited 1 . Schneider, Paul. Bonnie and Clyde Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were the most famous gangster couple in history, made more so by the 1967 Oscar-winning film Bonnie and Clyde, starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway. From 1932 to 1934, during the height of the Great Depression, their gang evolved from petty theives to nationally-known bank robbers and murderers. Though a burgeoning yellow press romanticized their exploits, the gang was believed responsible for at least 13 murders, including two policemen, as well as several robberies and kidnappings. The spree ended when they were betrayed by a friend and shot dead at a police roadblock in Louisiana on May 23, 1934.FEATURED PEOPLE Bonnie Parker As half of the notorious Bonnie and Clyde, Bonnie Parker became one of America's most famous outlaws, robbing banks and small businesses. Clyde Barrow Outlaw Clyde Barrow and his partner Bonnie robbed banks and store owners during the Depression and were believed to be responsible for at least 13 murders. Historical Importance of Bonnie and Clyde: It was during the Great Depression that Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow went on their two-year crime spree (1932-1934). The general attitude in the country was against government and Bonnie and Clyde used that to their advantage.With an image closer to Robin Hood rather than mass murderers, Bonnie and Clyde captured the imagination of the nation. Bonnie Parker (October 1, 1910 — May 23, 1934); Clyde Barrow (March 24, 1909 — May 23, 1934) Also Known As: Bonnie Elizabeth Parker, Clyde Chestnut Barrow, The Barrow Gang In some ways it was easy to romanticize Bonnie and Clyde. They were a young couple in love who were out on the open road, running from the â€Å"big, bad law† who were â€Å"out to get them. † Clyde's impressive driving skill got the gang out of many close calls, while Bonnie's poetry won the hearts of many.Although Bonnie and Clyde had killed people, they were equally known for kidnapping policemen who had caught up to the m and then driving them around for hours only to release them, unharmed, hundreds of miles away. The two seemed like they were on an adventure, having fun while easily side-stepping the law. As with any image, the truth behind Bonnie and Clyde was far from their portrayal in the newspapers. Bonnie and Clyde were responsible for 13 murders, some of whom were innocent people, killed during one of Clyde's many bungled robberies.Bonnie and Clyde lived out of their car, stealing new cars as often as possible, and lived off the money they stole from small grocery stores and gas stations. Sometimes Bonnie and Clyde would rob a bank, but they never managed to walk away with very much money. Bonnie and Clyde were desperate criminals, constantly fearing what they were sure was to come — dying in a hail of bullets from a police ambush. Background of Bonnie Bonnie Parker was born on October 1, 1910 in Rowena, Texas as the second of three children to Henry and Emma Parker.The family lived somewhat comfortably off Henry Parker's job as a bricklayer, but when he died unexpectedly in 1914, Emma Parker moved the family in with her mother in the small town of Cement City, Texas (now part of Dallas). From all accounts, Bonnie Parker was beautiful. She stood 4†² 11†³ and weighed a mere 90 pounds. She did well in school and loved to write poetry. (Two poems that she wrote while on the run helped make her famous. ) Bored with her average life, Bonnie dropped out of school at age 16 and married Roy Thornton.The marriage wasn't a happy one and Roy began to spend a lot of time away from home by 1927. Two years later, Roy was caught for robbery and sentenced to five years in prison. They never divorced. While Roy was away, Bonnie worked as a waitress; however, she was out of a job just as the Great Depression was really getting started at the end of 1929. Background of Clyde Clyde Barrow was born on March 24, 1909 in Telico, Texas as the sixth of eight children to Henr y and Cummie Barrow. Clyde's parents were tenant farmers, often not making enough money to feed their children.During the rough times, Clyde was frequently sent to live with other relatives. When Clyde was 12-years old, his parents gave up tenant farming and moved to West Dallas where Henry opened up a gas station. At that time, West Dallas was a very rough neighborhood and Clyde fit right in. Clyde and his older brother, Marvin Ivan â€Å"Buck† Barrow, were often in trouble with the law for they were frequently stealing things like turkeys and cars. Clyde stood 5†² 7†³ and weighed about 130 pounds. He had two serious girlfriends (Anne and Gladys) before he met Bonnie, but he never married.Bonnie and Clyde Meet In January 1930, Bonnie and Clyde met at a mutual friend's house. The attraction was instantaneous. A few weeks after they met, Clyde was sentenced to two years in prison for past crimes. Bonnie was devastated at his arrest. On March 11, 1930, Clyde escaped f rom jail, using the gun Bonnie had smuggled in to him. A week later he was recaptured and was then to serve a 14-year sentence in the notoriously brutal Eastham Prison Farm near Weldon, Texas. On April 21, 1930, Clyde arrived at Eastham. Life was unbearable there for him and he became desperate to get out.Hoping that if he was physically incapacitated he might get transferred off of the Eastham farm, he asked a fellow prisoner to chop off some of his toes with an axe. Although the missing two toes did not get him transferred, Clyde was granted an early parole. After Clyde was released from Eastham on February 2, 1932 on crutches, he vowed that he would rather die than ever go back to that horrible place. Bonnie Becomes a Criminal Too The easiest way to stay out of Eastham would have been to live a life on the â€Å"straight and narrow† (i. e. without crime).However, Clyde was released from prison during the Great Depression, when jobs were not easy to come by. Plus, Clyde had little experience holding down a real job. Not surprisingly, as soon as Clyde's foot had healed, he was once again robbing and stealing. On one of Clyde's first robberies after he was released, Bonnie went with him. The plan was for the Barrow Gang to rob a hardware store. (The members of the Barrow Gang changed often, but at different times included Bonnie and Clyde, Ray Hamilton, W. D. Jones, Buck Barrow, Blanche Barrow, and Henry Methvin. Although she stayed in the car during the robbery, Bonnie was captured and put in the Kaufman, Texas jail. She was later released for lack of evidence. While Bonnie was in jail, Clyde and Raymond Hamilton staged another robbery at the end of April 1932. It was supposed to be an easy and quick robbery of a general store, but something went wrong and the store's owner, John Bucher, was shot and killed. Bonnie now had a decision to make — would she stay with Clyde and live a life with him on the run or would she leave him and start fresh? B onnie knew that Clyde had vowed never to go back to prison.She knew that to stay with Clyde meant death to them both very soon. Yet, even with this knowledge, Bonnie decided that she could not leave Clyde and was to remain loyal to him to the end. On the Lam For the next two years, Bonne and Clyde drove and robbed across five states: Texas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Louisiana, and New Mexico. They usually stayed close to the border to aid their getaway, using the fact that police at that time could not cross state borders to follow a criminal. To help them avoid capture, Clyde would change cars frequently (by stealing a new one) and changed license plates even more frequently.Clyde also studied maps and had an uncanny knowledge of every back road. This aided them numerous times when escaping from a close encounter with the law. What the law did not realize (until W. D. Jones, a member of the Barrow Gang, told them once he was captured) was that Bonnie and Clyde made frequent trips back to Dallas, Texas to see their families. Bonnie had a very close relationship with her mother, whom she insisted on seeing every couple of months, no matter how much danger that put them in. Clyde also would visit frequently with his mother and with his favorite sister, Nell.Visits with family nearly got them killed on several occasions (the police had set up ambushes). The Apartment With Buck and Blanche Bonnie and Clyde had almost been on the run for a year when Clyde's brother Buck was released from Huntsville prison in March 1933. Although Bonnie and Clyde were being hunted by numerous law enforcement agencies (for they had by then committed several murders, robbed a number of banks, stolen numerous cars, and held up dozens of small grocery stores and gas stations), they decided to rent an apartment in Joplin, Missouri to have a reunion with Buck and Buck's wife, Blanche.After two weeks of chatting, cooking, and playing cards, Clyde noticed two police cars pull up on April 13, 1933 and a shootout broke out. Blanche, terrified and losing her wits, ran out the front door while screaming. Having killed one policeman and mortally wounding another, Bonnie, Clyde, Buck, and W. D. Jones made it to the garage, got into their car, and sped away. They picked up Blanche around the corner (she had still been running). Although the police did not capture Bonnie and Clyde that day, they found a treasure trove of information left in the apartment.Most notably, they found rolls of undeveloped film, which, once developed, revealed the now-famous images of Bonnie and Clyde in various poses, holding guns. Also in the apartment was Bonnie's first poem, â€Å"The Story of Suicide Sal. † The pictures, the poem, and their getaway, all made Bonnie and Clyde more famous. Car Fire Bonnie and Clyde continued driving, frequently changing cars, and trying to stay ahead of the law who were getting closer and closer to capturing them. Suddenly, in June 1933 near Wellington, Texas, t hey had an accident.As they were driving through Texas toward Oklahoma, Clyde realized too late that the bridge he was speeding toward had been closed for repairs. He swerved and the car went down an embankment. Clyde and W. D. Jones made it safely out of the car, but Bonnie remained trapped when the car caught on fire. Clyde and W. D. could not free Bonnie by themselves; she escaped only with the aid of two local farmers who had stopped to help. Bonnie had been badly burned in the accident and she had a severe injury to one leg. Being on the run meant no medical care.Bonnie's injuries were serious enough that her life was in danger. Clyde did the best he could to nurse Bonnie; he also enlisted the aid of Blanche and Billie (Bonnie's sister) as well. Bonnie did pull through, but her injuries added to the difficulty of being on the run. Red Crown Tavern and Dexfield Park Ambushes About a month after the accident, Bonnie and Clyde (plus Buck, Blanche, and W. D. Jones) checked into two cabins at the Red Crown Tavern near Platte City, Missouri. On the night of July 19, 1933, police, having been tipped off by local citizens, surrounded the cabins.This time, the police were better armed and better prepared than during the fight at the apartment in Joplin. At 11 p. m. , a policeman banged on one of the cabin doors. Blanche replied, â€Å"Just a minute. Let me get dressed. † That gave Clyde enough time to pick up his Browning Automatic Rifle and start shooting. When the police shot back, it was a massive fusillade. While the others took cover, Buck kept shooting until he was shot in the head. Clyde then gathered everyone up, including Buck, and made a charge for the garage.Once in the car, Clyde and his gang made their escape, with Clyde driving and W. D. Jones firing a machine gun. As the Barrow Gang roared off into the night, the police kept shooting and managed to shoot out two of the car's tires and shattered one of the car's windows. The shattered glass se verely damaged one of Blanche's eyes. Clyde drove through the night and all the next day, only stopping to change bandages and to change tires. When they reached Dexter, Iowa, Clyde and everyone else in the car needed to rest. They stopped at the Dexfield Park recreation area.Unbeknownst to Bonnie and Clyde and the gang, the police had been alerted to their presence at the campsite by a local farmer who had found bloodied bandages. The local police gathered over a hundred police, National Guardsmen, vigilantes, and local farmers and surrounded the Barrow Gang. On the morning of July 24, 1933, Bonnie noticed the policemen closing in and screamed. This alerted Clyde and W. D. Jones to pick up their guns and start shooting. So completely outnumbered, it is amazing that any of the Barrow Gang survived the onslaught. Buck, unable to move far, kept shooting.Buck was hit several times while Blanche stayed by his side. Clyde hopped into one of their two cars but he was then shot in the arm and crashed the car into a tree. Bonnie, Clyde, and W. D. Jones ended up running and then swimming across a river. As soon as he could, Clyde stole another car from a farm and drove them away. Buck died from his wounds a few days after the shootout. Blanche was captured while still at Buck's side. Clyde had been shot four times and Bonnie had been hit by numerous buckshot pellets. W. D. Jones had also received a head wound. After the shootout, W. D. Jones took off from the group, never to return.Final Days Bonnie and Clyde took several months to recuperate, but by November 1933, they were back out robbing and stealing. They now had to be extra careful for they realized that local citizens might now recognize them and turn them in, as they had done at the Red Crown Tavern and Dexfield Park. To avoid public scrutiny, they lived in their car, driving during the day and sleeping in it at night. Also in November 1933, W. D. Jones was captured and began telling his story to the police. Du ring their interrogations with Jones, the police learned of the close ties that Bonnie and Clyde had with their family.This gave the police a lead. By watching Bonnie and Clyde's families, the police were able to establish an ambush when Bonnie and Clyde tried to contact them. When the ambush on November 22, 1933 endangered the lives of Bonnie's mother, Emma Parker, and Clyde's mother, Cummie Barrow, Clyde became furious. He wanted to retaliate against the lawmen who had put their families in danger, but his family convinced him this would not be a good idea. Rather than get revenge on the lawmen near Dallas who had threatened the lives of his family, Clyde took revenge on the Eastham Prison Farm.In January 1934, Bonnie and Clyde helped Clyde's old friend, Raymond Hamilton, break out of Eastham. During the escape, a guard was killed and several extra prisoners hopped into the car with Bonnie and Clyde. One of these prisoners was Henry Methvin. After the other convicts eventually wen t their own way, including Raymond Hamilton (who eventually left after a dispute with Clyde), Methvin stayed on with Bonnie and Clyde. The crime spree continued, including the brutal murder of two motorcycle cops, but the end was near. Methvin and his family were to play a role in Bonnie and Clyde's demise. The Final ShootoutThe police used their knowledge of Bonnie and Clyde to plan their next move. Realizing how tied to family Bonnie and Clyde had become, the police guessed that Bonnie, Clyde, and Henry were on their way to visit Iverson Methvin, Henry Methvin's father, in May 1934. When police learned that Henry Methvin had accidentally become separated from Bonnie and Clyde on the evening of May 19, 1934, they realized this was their chance to set up an ambush. Since it was assumed that Bonnie and Clyde would search for Henry at his father's farm, the police planned an ambush along the road Bonnie and Clyde were expected to travel.While waiting along Highway 154 between Sailes a nd Gibsland, Louisiana, the six lawmen who planned to ambush Bonnie and Clyde confiscated Iverson Methvin's old truck, put it on a car jack, and removed one of its tires. The truck was then strategically placed along the road with the expectation that if Clyde saw Iverson's car pulled to the side, he would then slow down and investigate. Sure enough, that is exactly what happened. At approximately 9:15 a. m. on May 23, 1934, Clyde was driving a tan Ford V-8 down the road when he spotted Iverson's truck. When he slowed down, the six police officers opened fire.With no advanced warning, Bonnie and Clyde had little time to react. Both Clyde and Bonnie died quickly from over 130 bullets that were fired at the couple. When the shooting ended, the policemen found that the back of Clyde's head had exploded and part of Bonnie's right hand had been shot off. Both Bonnie and Clyde's bodies were taken back to Dallas where they were put on public view. Large crowds gathered to get a glimpse of the famous pair. Although Bonnie had requested that she be buried with Clyde, they were buried separately in two different cemeteries according to their families' wishes.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Fetal Pig And The Human Being s Anatomy - 1225 Words

Hypothesis Due to the fact that the fetal pig and the human being’s anatomy are extremely similar, with the exception of a few minor parts, the fetal pig will be a precise tool in learning about the anatomy of a human. Introduction In courses such as biology, anatomy, and physiology, learning the anatomy of a human is imperative to learning about its functions and processes. Due to a lack of money, resources, and access, UConn cannot provide the use of a human cadaver for educational purposes. Since we lack actual human specimens, the next best thing is the fetal pig. The reasoning behind the choice of a fetal pig is because it is extremely similar to the anatomy of a human, with a few minor differences of course. A study at Cambridge†¦show more content†¦(Lombard, Terry, Malinoski, 2017) Discussion My hypothesis was correct in addressing how similar the fetal pig and human anatomy are, and how it helps to learn more about a human. One way in which the fetal pig is particularly similar to a human is its lungs. The fetal pig’s lungs are almost identical to that of a human. They exchange oxygen for CO2, are located in the same place, and are also multi-lobed. Another similarity is the pig’s pericardium. The pericardium is a clear membrane that surrounds the heart, it is composed of an outer fibrous layer and an inner double layer of serous membrane. Its main purpose is the give the heart protection against infection and bacteria, and it provides lubrication as well. Every human has their heart surrounded by this, and so does a fetal pig. When dissecting, the dissector must make a light incision and remove the pericardium so the heart can be accessed. Although there are many similarities between the fetal pig and a human, there are also differences. The first differe nce resides in the liver. A normal human liver has four lobes: right, left, caudate, and quadrate. While a normal pig liver has five lobes: right lateral, right central, left central, left lateral, and caudate. Another main difference is that a fetal pig’s colon is a spiral shape. A human’s colon is shaped in a sigmoidal pattern instead (â€Å"Human/Pig Comparisons†, 2004, September, goshen.edu).Show MoreRelatedThe Fetal Pig And Human Anatomy1664 Words   |  7 Pagesbelieve if we observe a fetal pig specimen, it will serve as a very helpful comparative tool in learning human anatomy because much of the fetal pig’s organ systems are very similar in anatomy and physiology to that of the human, as the pig and human are both mammals. From the fetal pig, we can gain an understanding of organ size, the relation between organ systems and how they function together as a whole. 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